Baldness, which already bothers men greatly, when it affects women can be cause of great anxiety and emotional suffering. The hairs have great importance in the esthetics of women and are highly valued as a feminine characteristic. Their loss has enormous significance in relation to women’s self-esteem.
Female baldness is more diffuse, later on, has a slower evolution than male pattern baldness, preserves the frontal hairline and is less severe than that of men. Women rarely get to the point of running out of hair in the area affected by baldness, but may have the hair transplant donor area also affected, making surgery impossible.
In women, androgenic hormones are secreted by the ovaries and adrenals. In men, these (hereditary) hormones are responsible for the definitive loss of hair. Associated with the rarefaction of hair, it is common to observe the presence of acne, increase of the hairs on the face and body, and menstrual changes. The mechanism of action of androgenic hormones in hair occurs in the same way as in men.
Breastfeeding can prolong postpartum hair loss that is transitory and not definitive like baldness. Once this phase is over, the hair is born again naturally.
At menopause, the hair becomes drier, thinner, fragile, and the hair growth is slower. Its density decreases gradually and the wires become white.